"The Archivist" by James Lees

The Archivist from James Lees on Vimeo.

„Directed by James Lees
Written by David Whitehouse
Cinematography by Lol Crawley
Edited by William Bridges

A short film produced under the BBC Electric Proms New Music Shorts scheme.

Produced by Warp Films
Music by Wild Beasts
Licensed by courtesy of Domino Publishing Company Ltd

Screened at Seattle International Film Festival, Munich, OneDotZero Festivals amongst many more.

Winner of the the Best Short at Salento Finibus Terrae „

Scott G. Ainsworth, Ahmed AlSum, Hany SalahEldeen, Michele C. Weigle, Michael L. Nelson: How Much of the Web Is Archived?

„ABSTRACT
The Memento Project’s archive access additions to HTTP have enabled development of new web archive access user interfaces. After experiencing this web time travel, the inevitable question that comes to mind is “How much of the Web is archived?” This question is studied by approximating the Web via sampling URIs from DMOZ, Delicious, Bitly, and search engine indexes and measuring number of archive copies available in various public web archives. The results
indicate that 35%–90% of URIs have at least one archived copy, 17%–49% have two to five copies, 1%–8% have six to ten copies, and 8%–63% at least ten copies. The number of URI copies varies as a function of time, but only 14.6–31.3% of URIs are archived more than once per month. …..
CONCLUSIONS
Although our research shows 35–90% of public URIs have at least one memento, coverage is inconsistent and appears dependent on several factors. Human desire for URI publicity appears to be a major factor as shown by the relatively high DMOZ and Delicious archival rates. Search engine discoverability is the next most important factor followed by explicit archiving. The best overall coverage is provided by the Internet Archive. The search engines follow, but only for very recent mementos. The specialized archives provide good coverage for the URIs they cover (but only for the URIs they cover).
Future work will include study of the relationship between the rate of change of the URI and the rate of the archiving process. This work has been done on a general sample of URIs. In future work, archived URIs will be studied based on specific languages beyond English.“

in: JCDL’11, June 13–17, 2011, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada.

Link to PDF

Super-Illu als Dissertationsquelle

Der neue Plagiatsfall Jürgen Goldschmidt (Bürgermeister eines Lausitz-Kaffs) offenbart einen Abgrund unseriöser Quellenverwendung, über den sich Stefan Weber zu Recht empört:

http://plagiatsgutachten.de/blog.php/dissertation-an-der-tu-berlin-erneut-schmerzliche-enthullungen-auf-vroniplag

http://de.vroniplag.wikia.com/wiki/Jg

Nicht beipflichten kann ich dem abwertenden Urteil von Vroni-Plag:

„Dreimal werden Begrifflichkeiten mit Nachweis aus Wikipedia übernommen (S. 144, 353, 358).“

Aber schon bei dem ersten Treffer tut sich ein auch für mich als erfahrenen Wikipedianer eher unübliches Problem auf.

S. 144
Eine Strategie ist ein längerfristig ausgerichtetes planvolles Anstreben einer vorteilhaften Lage oder eines Ziels. Oder: Strategie ist der „große Plan über allem“ oder das „grundsätzliche Muster der
Handlungen“

http://Wikipedia.org, Strategie, Stand: 02.02.2007

Am 2.2.2007 gab es aber SCHEINBAR keine solche Formulierung in dem Strategie-Artikel der deutschsprachigen Wikipedia:
http://de.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Strategie&oldid=27281515

Das Zitat stammt offenbar aus zweiter Hand:

Unter Wikipedia findet man auch: ›Eine Strategie ist ein längerfristig ausgerichtetes planvolles Anstreben einer vorteilhaften Lage oder eines Ziels.‹ Bzw. Strategie ist der ›große Plan über allem‹ oder das ›grundsätzliche Muster der Handlungen‹ (http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Strategie, Zugriff 02.02.2007). …«
http://www.planung-neu-denken.de/content/view/61/41

Eigentlich ist die zitierte Wikipedia-Definition so gelungen, dass man sie in einer Reihe von Internetquellen antrifft:

https://www.google.de/search?num=100&hl=de&safe=off&q=plan+%E2%80%9Egrunds%C3%A4tzliche+Muster+der+Handlungen%E2%80%9C+wikipedia&btnG=Suche&aq=f&aqi=&aql=&oq=

Aber was ist die Ur-Quelle und wo in der Wikipedia traf man diese Formulierungen an?

Hier gibts Stoff für neue Plagiatorenrecherchen:
http://goo.gl/3aR7H = google Suche nach
Strategie ist der „große Plan über allem“ oder das „grundsätzliche Muster der Handlungen“. Dieser Plan kann dabei eine Vision oder Mission (Wirtschaft), eine Mehrheit oder Macht (Politik) oder auch ein militärisches Ziel definieren. Strategie ist mittel- bis langfristig angelegt.

2008 wurde ein Wikipedia-Artikel abgespeichert, der wenigstens den großen Plan über allem enthält:

http://bildungsabteilung.files.wordpress.com/2008/10/strategie.pdf

Ein Wikipedia-Klon enthält den alten Artikel mit der Formulierung vom grundsätzlichen Muster:

http://www.xn--rmer-5qa.de/index.php/Strategie

Siehe auch
http://web.archive.org/web/20060913000000/http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Strategie

Warum kommt man in der Versionsgeschichte von „Strategie“, das heute und in der gesamten Versionsgeschichte de facto eine Begriffsklärungsseite ist, nicht weiter? Eine Prüfung der Versionsgeschichten der verlinkten Strategie-Aspekte Wirtschaft, Militär, Spieltheorie ca. Januar 2007 war erfolglos.

Des Rätsels Lösung liefert:

(Aktuell | Vorherige) 12:54, 23. Jun. 2009 Peng (Diskussion | Beiträge) K (749 Bytes) (hat „Strategie (Begriffsklärung)“ nach „Strategie“ verschoben: der allgemeine artikel “strategie“ zu dem der einzige link hierher führte wurde gelöscht. nun muss die BKL zur weiterleitung dienen.) (entfernen)

Im Juni 2009 wurde der von diversen Quellen gern zitierte Artikel Strategie als „Assoziationsblaster“ gelöscht:

http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wikipedia:L%C3%B6schkandidaten/13._Juni_2009#Strategie_.28gel.C3.B6scht.29

Man hätte den Artikel ohne weiteres auf eine Begriffsklärung kürzen können und damit den sich auf die GNU FDL berufenden Klone die URV ersparen:
http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Benutzer:Historiograf/GNU_FDL_Highway_to_Hell_-_FAQ#Warum_sind_gel.C3.B6schte_Artikel_ein_Problem.3F

Gegen die Löschung hätte auch die empfehlenswerte Zitierweise nach Version nichts geholfen.

Archäologen müssen 5-10 Jahre warten, bevor sie der Ausgräber an Funde ranlässt

Aus dem Ehrenkodex für Archäologen des West- und Süddeutsche Verband für Altertumsforschung e.V.

http://www.wsva.net/download/ehrenkodex%20mai2010_645_1.pdf

„Auswertung von Grabungsfunden

Die Dokumentation bzw. Inhalte einer Grabung stellen ein Allgemeingut wie das
ursprüngliche Denkmal selbst dar und sind kein Privatbesitz der Ausgräber/innen. Es
besteht ein öffentliches Interesse an einer angemessenen Publikation. Dem/r
wissenschaftlichen Leiter/in einer Ausgrabung steht das Erstpublikationsrecht der
wissenschaftlichen Ergebnisse zu. Damit ist aber die Verpflichtung verbunden,
innerhalb von fünf, spätestens aber zehn Jahren nach Abschluss der Feldarbeiten ein
druckfertiges Manuskript vorzulegen. Bereits während dieser Zeit sollte das Material
anderen Forschern/innen zugänglich gemacht werden, sofern sie nur Teilaspekte
bearbeiten wollen (z.B. für PBF). Sollte dieser Zeitraum verstrichen sein, hat die/der
jeweilige Vorgesetzte/ die verantwortliche Stelle freie Verfügung über die weitere
wissenschaftliche Bearbeitung. Dies schließt sämtliche Vorarbeiten (z.B. Zeichnungen,
naturwissenschaftliche Untersuchungen usw.) mit ein. Bei Ausscheiden aus dem
aktiven Dienst sollten Publikationsansprüche nur für solche Unternehmungen geltend
gemacht werden, die in einem realistischen Zeitrahmen abgeschlossen werden können.“

Diese wachsweichen Formulierungen verkennen, dass die Reservierung wissenschaftlicher Erkenntnisse schädlich ist, wie Sax in „Playing Darts with a Rembrandt“ gezeigt hat (Part 3).

Update: Schreg hat Stellung genommen:

http://archaeologik.blogspot.com/2011/08/archivalia-archaologen-mussen-5-10.html

Soweit öffentlichrechtliche Eigentümer des Fundguts involviert sind, ist ein Sperren des Zugangs nicht möglich. Zur analogen Problematik, der Genehmigung einer Erstveröffentlichung durch Handschriftenbibliotheken, habe ich mich 1995 ausführlich geäußert (wobei natürlich auch die anderen Beiträge im Bibliotheksdienst damals zu diesem Thema lesenswert sind):
http://deposit.ddb.de/ep/netpub/89/96/96/967969689/_data_stat/www.dbi-berlin.de/dbi_pub/einzelth/rechtpub/graf.htm

Digitale Sammlungen in Kiel und Freiburg erneuert

http://dibiki.ub.uni-kiel.de

Digitale Bestände der UB Kiel haben eine schickere Oberfläche und sage und schreibe einen RSS-Feed:

http://dibiki.ub.uni-kiel.de/rss

Zu Freiburg
https://plus.google.com/117546351384071338747/posts/P7amAdq5m2L

Update:
Letzter Eintrag im Freiburger Feed http://digilib.ub.uni-freiburg.de/rss.xml vom 7.2.2011, das ist auch das letzte Aktualisierungsdatum von
http://digilib.ub.uni-freiburg.de/titelliste.html

Literaturtipp: Tom de Smet Harm Jan Triemstra "Film Scanning Considerations" ( 2011 )

„The Netherlands Institute for Sound and Vision (Sound and Vision) is one of the six original partners of the programme ‚Images for the Future‘ which started in 2007 and finishes in 2014. The main goal of the programme is safeguarding Dutch audiovisual material by realizing maximum accessibility to the material for the targeted user groups.

Sound and Vision archives and offers access to a huge collection of film material that can be divided into two distinct parts. The first part of the collection covers broadcast film material of a period from roughly 1955 to 1989 with a total volume estimated at 25.000 hours. On the other hand a lot of national heritage film material of non-broadcast nature is also home to Sound and Vision’s vaults, ranging from 8 mm to 35 mm nitrate film. Within the “Images for the Future” programme about 17.500 hours of material from these film collections must be digitised by mid 2014. On average this amounts to a production of 3.000 hours a year.

The main challenge Sound and Vision faces is to find the optimal balance between production volume, available budget, time constraints, quality and present and future archival, preservation, access and repurposing requirements. A choice in the digitisation approach and formats will always be a trade-off between these factors. Also, the availability of standards and capabilities of market solutions have to be taken into account.

This document describes the context of the collections, the considerations and choices of Sound and Vision regarding this sweet spot and the current and future digitisation approach. „

Link zum Download (PDF)

Quelle: Presto Centro, Ressources

Mystery surrounds loss of records, art on 9/11


In this undated photo provided by the National September 11 Memorial & Museum, a damaged photographer’s proof sheet, with photos of William DeCosta, the aviation Director of the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey is shown. The document was found by a recovery worker a few blocks away from ground zero and he eventually traced it to DeCosta, who continued to work for the Port Authority until his death about 2 years ago. Besides ending nearly 3,000 lives, destroying planes and reducing buildings to tons of rubble and ash, the Sept. 11, 2001, attacks destroyed tens of thousands of records, irreplaceable historical documents and art. (AP Photo/National September 11 Memorial & Museum)

„Letters written by Helen Keller. Forty-thousand photographic negatives of John F. Kennedy taken by the president’s personal cameraman. Sculptures by Alexander Calder and Auguste Rodin. The 1921 agreement that created the agency that built the World Trade Center.

Besides ending nearly 3,000 lives, destroying planes and reducing buildings to tons of rubble and ash, the Sept. 11, 2001, attacks destroyed tens of thousands of records, irreplaceable historical documents and art.

In some cases, the inventories were destroyed along with the records. And the loss of human life at the time overshadowed the search for lost paper. A decade later, agencies and archivists say they’re still not completely sure what they lost or found, leaving them without much of a guide to piece together missing history.

„You can’t get the picture back, because critical pieces are missing,“ said Kathleen D. Roe, operations director at the New York State Archives and co-chairwoman of the World Trade Center Documentation Project. „And so you can’t know what the whole picture looks like.“

The picture starts in the seven-building trade center complex. Hijackers flew jetliners into the twin towers on Sept. 11, 2001, which collapsed onto the rest of the complex, which included three smaller office buildings, a Marriott hotel and U.S. Customs. 7 World Trade Center, a skyscraper just north of the twin towers, collapsed that afternoon.

The trade center was home to more than 430 companies, including law firms, manufacturers and financial institutions. Twenty-one libraries were destroyed, including that of The Journal of Commerce. Dozens of federal, state and local government agencies were at the site, including the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission and the Securities and Exchange Commission.

The Central Intelligence Agency had a clandestine office on the 25th floor of 7 World Trade Center, which also housed the city’s emergency command center and an outpost of the U.S. Secret Service.

The first tangible losses beyond death were obvious, and massive.

The Cantor Fitzgerald brokerage, where more than 650 employees were killed, owned a trove of drawings and sculptures that included a cast of Rodin’s „The Thinker“ — which resurfaced briefly after the attacks before mysteriously disappearing again. Fragments of other sculptures also were recovered.

The Ferdinand Gallozzi Library of U.S. Customs Service in 6 World Trade Center held a collection of documents related to U.S. trade dating back to at least the 1840s. And in the same building were nearly 900,000 objects excavated from the Five Points neighborhood of lower Manhattan, a famous working-class slum of the 19th century.

The Kennedy negatives, by photographer Jacques Lowe, had been stowed away in a fireproof vault at 5 World Trade Center, a nine-story building in the complex. Helen Keller International, whose offices burned up when its building, a block from the trade center, was struck by debris, lost a modest archive. Only two books and a bust of Keller survived.

Classified and confidential documents also disappeared at the Pentagon, where American Airlines Flight 77 slammed into it on 9/11.

A private disaster response company, BMS CAT, was hired to help recover materials in the library, where the jet plane’s nose came to rest. The company claimed it saved all but 100 volumes. But the recovery limited access to information related to the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan in the 1980s, as the U.S. prepared to launch an attack a month later.

In New York, CIA and Secret Service personnel sifted through debris carted from the trade center to a Staten Island landfill for lost documents, hard drives with classified information and intelligence reports. The CIA declined to comment.

Two weeks after the attacks, archivists and librarians gathered at New York University to discuss how to document what was lost, forming the World Trade Center Documentation Task Force. But they received only a handful of responses to survey questions about damaged or destroyed records.

„The current atmosphere of litigation, politics and overall distrust surrounding the 9/11 attacks has made information sharing and compilation a complex task,“ said the final 2005 report of the project.

Federal agencies are required by law to report the destruction of records to the U.S. National Archives and Records Administration — but none did. Federal archivists called the failure understandable, given the greater disaster.

After Sept. 11, „agencies did not do precisely what was required vis-à-vis records loss,“ said David S. Ferriero, the Archivist of the United States, in an email to The Associated Press. „Appropriately, agencies were more concerned with loss of life and rebuilding operations — not managing or preserving records.“

He said off-site storage and redundant electronic systems backed up some records; but the attacks spurred the archives agency to emphasize the need for disaster planning to federal records managers.

Said Steven Aftergood, the director of the project on government secrecy at the watchdog group the Federation of American Scientists: „Under extreme circumstances, like those of 9/11, ordinary record keeping procedures will fail. Routine archival practices were never intended to deal with the destruction of entire offices or buildings.“

Only the U.S. Attorney’s Office of the Southern District formally requested help from federal archivists after discovering stored case files kept had been damaged by mold and water.

The EEOC had to reconstruct 1,500 discrimination case files, said Elizabeth Grossman, supervisory trial attorney for the agency in 2001 at the time of the attacks. Cases were delayed for months. Computers had been backed up only as of Aug. 31, 2001. Witness interviews had to be conducted all over again.

The Port Authority of New York and New Jersey, which owns the region’s airports, bridges and the World Trade Center, had much of its archives and the contents of its library — which had closed in 1995 as a cost-cutting measure — in the building.

But a decade later, it only has „a general idea“ of what documents were destroyed, Port Authority spokesman Steve Coleman said, including most of its video and photo archives, board meeting minutes and the compact that created the bi-state agency. It was kept on the 67th floor of the north tower.

„We do not have a detailed list“ of the missing records, Coleman said in an email. The agency meticulously stores thousands of tons of steel from the building and other wreckage of the trade center in a hangar at Kennedy Airport.

A meeting had been scheduled — on Sept. 11, 2001 — between the agency and a group of libraries that had wanted to claim parts of the Port Authority collection, stored in the north tower. The meeting had been postponed at the last minute, said Ronald Becker, the head of special collections at Rutgers University Libraries, who was supposed to attend.

Not everything was lost. Copies of inventories had been sent out to the libraries that had sought to take parts of the collection, and as workers sifted through the rubble at ground zero, they found remnants of a photographic collection kept by the agency. Tens of thousands images dating back to 1921 were restored from what had been a collection of one million before the attacks.

One photo contact sheet — a picture of the Port Authority’s aviation director — was discovered by a recovery worker two days after the attacks. It was given to the Sept. 11 museum, along with office IDs, letters and other bits of paper that were recovered in the rubble in the days and weeks afterward.

Jan Ramirez, the curator of the National September 11 Memorial & Museum, said there was no historical consciousness surrounding the site before it was destroyed.

„It was modern, it was dynamic. It was not in peril. It was not something that needed to be preserved,“ she said.

„Now we know better.““

CRISTIAN SALAZAR, Associated Press, 31.7.11